The Flint water crisis has made the alarm bells start ringing. Lead exposure is also one of the most concerned regarding this problem. In the U.S.A., it is estimated that about 6 million people are using water with excessive lead levels. Thus, it is necessary for you to know how to get lead out of water for the sake of your and your family’s health.
How does lead get into the water?
Lead gets into the water in the distribution system. The water treatment plant produces water that is lead-free. However, in the process of arriving properties, water can contain lead that appears in pipes, especially in old pipes produced before 1986.
Lead is a malleable product and was used quite extensively in the production of pipes, but has just been further reduced since 2014. That being said, many quite new homes still run the risk of being exposed to lead, which is a threat to the population’s health.
What are the bad effects of lead in water?
Lead existing in water can result in a health breakdown of a whole society, let alone the ecosystem itself. High lead exposure can have serious health effects, especially on children and pregnant women.
Children with high lead levels can undergo behavioral disorders, a disorder in the digestive system and dire effects on intellectual development. Pregnant women exposed to lead have the possibility of miscarriage and baby’s premature death.
Moreover, lead can cause various cardiovascular diseases and kidney diseases after long-term exposure. Dramatically high lead levels can result in coma, convulsion or even death.
Water containing lead has a threat of weakening animals and plants’ health, and those animals may eventually be the source of lead we get in our blood.
How to get lead out of water
It is estimated that the U.S. will need at least 250 billion dollars to mitigate the lead pipes issue and to repair the distribution system. It seems to be a lot of money, and the process will take a lot of time, too. Therefore, to provisionally counteract lead poisoning problem, here are some suggestions on how to get the lead out of the water.
You can apply other water treatment methods to get the freshest water by distillation, reverse osmosis, or lead filters. Below is detailed information:
Distilled water is made by condensing water vapor after boiling process. Because lead cannot evaporate, it is left after the boiling process. You can do this very easily by boiling the water in a container and condense its vapors in a connected container.
Reverse osmosis is a method of separating the water molecule from inorganic contaminants. The water undergone reverse osmosis is considered as the best water you can have.
Also, included in that system is sediment and carbon filtration, so there is a very broad spectrum of reductions of contaminants, not just lead. Reverse osmosis does not cost much (no energy required), works very effectively, and is very easy to clean.
Lead water filter
The lead water filter is another good bet. However, you should pay attention to what kind of filter you buy. Technically, most filters can remove lead out of water at some point. However, some carbon-based granulated filters cannot do it.
Actually, carbon block filter can remove lead, but not effective if it comes to dissolved lead. Some kinds of block filter have been developed to eliminate lead in water. However, their ability to filter lead can quickly weaken, only about 2000 gallons of water per 10,000 gallons of water that can be purified.
Note: You should always check your filter qualification granted by reputable organizations (NFS International, for example).
Overhaul of water lines
The last resort is to replace all your water pipe system with new and safer pipes. This can be very expensive, costing you up to thousands of dollars. You should never replace just a part of your pipes because that can allow lead particles to contaminate your water more.
Ways to simply reduce lead levels in water
One of the simple ways to reduce the risk of lead appearing in water is to use cold water from your taps and faucets. Hot water is more corrosive and more likely to contain lead.
Also, it is necessary for you to flush your water pipe after a long time without using it.
If you find this “flush” method wasteful, you should set the water aside for cleaning. The reason is that lead cannot get into the human body through the skin.
How can I find lead in my water?
The best way to find out if the lead is in your water is to take sample water to your local water supplier for a thorough examination. In this way, you can detect any possible threats in your water as well.
Another way to test lead levels in your water is to buy a lead testing kit. Remember to do research carefully before buying.
Lead poisoning is a very threatening problem, especially in this seriously polluted scenario. You should test your water and protect your health as soon as possible. I hope this article on how to get lead out of water will help you effectively.